American Impressionism 1880 – 1900

American Impressionism was the most unified movement and the one closest in spirit to that of France In the 1890s and early decades of the 20th century such American artists as Theodore Robinson, Julian Alden Weir, Childe Hassam and John H Twachtman presented subjects in bright sunlight and used flecked brushwork and intense colour, but frequently retained a more conservative approach to composition and the representation of figures than their French counterparts

American Impressionism was a style of painting related to European Impressionism and practiced by American artists in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries American Impressionism is a style of painting characterized by loose brushwork and vivid colors The style often depicted landscapes mixed with scenes of upper-class domestic life

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Impressionism emerged as an artistic style in France in the 1860s Major exhibitions of French impressionist works in Boston and New York in the 1880s introduced the style to the American public Some of the first American artists to paint in an impressionistic mode, such as Theodore Robinson and Mary Cassatt, did so in the late 1880s after visiting France and meeting with artists such as Claude Monet Others, such as Childe Hassam, took notice of the increasing numbers of French impressionist works at American exhibitions

As railroads, automobiles, and other new technology emerged, American impressionists often painted vast landscapes and small towns in an effort to return to nature Before the invention of collapsible paint tubes artists were often confined to using subjects in their studios or painting from memory With the invention of paint tubes in 1841, artists could transport their paint and easily paint in nature