Armchair Aalto, Alvar and Artek 1931 – 1932

From the collection of
The Museum of Arts and Crafts in Zagreb
The armchair was designed as part of the project for the Paimio pulmonary diseases hospital. It is one of the first pieces of furniture that Aalto did with the revolutionary bent veneer and solid wood technology. The set and backrest are made of a single piece of veneered board bent in a mould, while the frame is made of laminated steam-bent solid birch. The fluent and organic lines of Aalto’s chair meant a drastic departure from the then prevailing austerely geometrical modernism. In experiments with bending veneered board and with organic forms, Aalto had a profound influence on the whole of the post-war generation of American and European designers, and is considered the father of organic design.

Title: Armchair
Creator: Aalto, Alvar, Artek
Date: 1931 – 1932
Date Created: 1931 – 1932
Location Created: Finland
Physical Dimensions: 65 cm x 82 cm x 60 cm
Type: armchair
Contributor: Museum of Arts and Crafts, Zagreb
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)
External Link:
Medium: birchwood

Alvar Aalto

Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (Feb 3, 1898 – May 11, 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer, as well as a sculptor and painter His work includes architecture, furniture, textiles and glassware Aalto’s early career runs in parallel with the rapid economic growth and industrialization of Finland

During the first half of the twentieth century and many of his clients were industrialists; among these were the Ahlström-Gullichsen family The span of his career, from the 1920s to the 1970s, is reflected in the styles of his work, ranging from Nordic Classicism of the early work, to a rational International Style Modernism during the 1930s to a more organic modernist style from the 1940s onwards His furniture designs were considered Scandinavian Modern What is typical for his entire career, however, is a concern for design as a Gesamtkunstwerk, a total work of art; whereby he – together with his first wife Aino Aalto – would design not just the building, but give special treatments to the interior surfaces and design furniture, lamps, and furnishings and glassware The Alvar Aalto Museum, designed by Aalto himself, is located in what is regarded as his home city Jyväskylä.