Environmental art

Environmental art is a range of artistic practices encompassing both historical approaches to nature in art and more recent ecological and politically motivated types of works Environmental art has evolved away from formal concerns, worked out with earth as a sculptural material, towards a deeper relationship to systems, processes and phenomena in relationship to social concerns Integrated social and ecological approaches developed as an ethical, restorative stance emerged in the 1990s Over the past ten years environmental art has become a focal point of exhibitions around the world as the social and cultural aspects of climate change come to the forefront

The term “environmental art” often encompasses “ecological” concerns but is not specific to them It primarily celebrates an artist’s connection with nature using natural materials The concept is best understood in relationship to historic earth/Land art and the evolving field of ecological art The field is interdisciplinary in the fact that environmental artists embrace ideas from science and philosophy The practice encompasses traditional media, new media and critical social forms of production The work embraces a full range of landscape/environmental conditions from the rural, to the suburban and urban as well as urban/rural industrial

Arthur Boyd

Arthur Merric Bloomfield Boyd AC OBE (24 July 1920 – 24 April 1999) was a leading Australian painter of the ...
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Luis Felipe Noé

Luis Felipe Noé (born May 26, 1933) is an Argentine artist, writer, intellectual and teacher. He is known in is ...
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Shepard Fairey

Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970) is an American contemporary street artist, graphic designer, activist, illustrator and founder of ...
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Olafur Eliasson

Olafur Eliasson (Icelandic: Ólafur Elíasson; born 1967) is a Danish-Icelandic artist known for sculptures and large-scale installation art employing elemental ...
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Tang Da Wu

Tang Da Wu (Chinese: 唐大雾 born 1943) is a Singaporean artist who works in a variety of media, including drawing, ...
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Leandre Cristòfol

Leandre cristòfol (Os de Balaguer, 1908 - Lleida, 1998) was a Catalan sculptor He is considered a pioneer of surrealist ...
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Sebastian Copeland

Sebastian Copeland (born 3 April 1964) is an award winning photographer, polar explorer, author, lecturer, and environmental activist He has ...
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Tiffany Chung

Tiffany Chung (born 1969) is a Vietnamese American multimedia artist based in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Tiffany Chung's work ...
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Christo

Christo (Jun 13, 1935) was born in Gabrovo, Bulgaria His father, Vladimir Javacheff, was a businessman and ran a fabric ...
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Dae Cho Park

Dae Cho Park (Korean:박대조, born 1970),Park creates a portrait of children who are influenced by events in nature and life ...
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Judy Chicago

Judy Chicago (Jul 20, 1939) is an American feminist artist, art educator, and writer known for her large collaborative art ...
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Loris Cecchini

Loris Cecchini (born May 1969 in Milan) is an Italian artist based in Berlin Loris Cecchini’s research follows the physical ...
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Emily Carr

Emily Carr (Dec 13, 1871 - Mar 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer heavily inspired by the Indigenous ...
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Bolton Brown

Bolton Coit Brown (November 27, 1864 – September 15, 1936) was an American painter, lithographer, and mountaineer He was one ...
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Agostino Bonalumi

Agostino Bonalumi (Jul 10, 1935 - Sep 18, 2013) was an Italian painter, draughtsman and sculptor. Bonalumi studied technical and ...
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Xu Bing

Xu Bing (Chinese: 徐冰 born 1955) is a Chinese-born artist who lived in the United States for eighteen years. Currently ...
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Michael Bierut

Michael Bierut (Born in 1957) is a graphic designer, design critic and educator. Bierut served as the national president of ...
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Letizia Battaglia

Letizia Battaglia (Bron in Mar 5, 1935) is an Italian photographer and photojournalist. Although her photos document a wide spectrum ...
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Philippe Allard

Philippe Allard’s practice revolves mainly around sculpture and installation. Taking inspiration from art povera, he recycles materials taken from industrial ...
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It can be argued that environmental art began with the Paleolithic cave paintings of our ancestors While no landscapes have (yet) been found, the cave paintings represented other aspects of nature important to early humans such as animals and human figures “They are prehistoric observations of nature In one-way or another, nature for centuries remained the preferential theme of creative art” More modern examples of environmental art stem from landscape painting and representation When artists painted onsite they developed a deep connection with the surrounding environment and its weather and brought these close observations into their canvases John Constable’s sky paintings “most closely represent the sky in nature” Monet’s London Series also exemplifies the artist’s connection with the environment “For me, a landscape does not exist in its own right, since its appearance changes at every moment; but the surrounding atmosphere brings it to life, the air and the light, which vary continually for me, it is only the surrounding atmosphere that gives subjects their true value”

Contemporary painters, such as Diane Burko represent natural phenomena—and its change over time—to convey ecological issues, drawing attention to climate change Alexis Rockman’s landscapes depict a sardonic view of climate change and humankind’s interventions with other species by way of genetic engineering

Within environmental art, a crucial distinction can be made between environmental artists who do not consider the possible damage to the environment that their artwork may incur, and those whose intent is to cause no harm to nature For example, despite its aesthetic merits, the American artist Robert Smithson’s celebrated sculpture Spiral Jetty (1969) inflicted permanent damage upon the landscape he worked with, using a bulldozer to scrape and cut the land, with the spiral itself impinging upon the lake Similarly, criticism was raised against the European sculptor Christo when he temporarily wrapped the coastline at Little Bay, south of Sydney, Australia, in 1969 Conservationists’ comments attracted international attention in environmental circles and led contemporary artists in the region to rethink the inclinations of land art and site-specific art

Renewable energy sculpture is another recent development in environmental art In response to the growing concern about global climate change, artists are designing explicit interventions at a functional level, merging aesthetical responses with the functional properties of energy generation or saving Andrea Polli’s Queensbridge Wind Power Project is an example of experimental architecture, incorporating wind turbines into a bridge’s structure to recreate aspects of the original design as well as lighting the bridge and neighbouring areas Ralf Sander’s public sculpture, the World Saving Machine, used solar energy to create snow and ice outside the Seoul Museum of Art in the hot Korean summer Practitioners of this emerging area often work according to ecologically informed ethical and practical codes that conform to Ecodesign criteria