German Renaissance 1430 – 1580

Term given to the art, and in particular the architecture, created in the region along the River Weser and adjacent areas in Germany between c 1520 and c 1620 Money earned by noblemen fighting as mercenaries in foreign wars—especially in the Netherlands—and an expansion in agricultural trade were two of the main contributory factors to the spate of new building that occurred in the region during this period The most important architectural undertakings were castles, as well as town halls and town houses, although churches were also built in this style; some of these buildings were decorated with reliefs, statues or ornamental stonework One of the most important architects active in the earliest phase of the Weser Renaissance was Jörg Unkair (d 1552), who probably came from Württemberg He was followed by Cord Tönnis and Hermann Wulff, both from the Weser region; they had a decisive influence on local architectural style between c 1550 and c 1575

The German Renaissance, part of the Northern Renaissance, was a cultural and artistic movement that spread among German thinkers in the 15th and 16th centuries, which developed from the Italian Renaissance Many areas of the arts and sciences were influenced, notably by the spread of Renaissance humanism to the various German states and principalities There were many advances made in the fields of architecture, the arts, and the sciences Germany produced two developments that were to dominate the 16th century all over Europe: printing and the Protestant Reformation

Albrecht Dürer

Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471 - Apr 6, 1528) was a painter, printmaker and theorist of the German Renaissance. Born ...
Read More

Barthel Bruyn the Elder

Bartholomäus Bruyn (1493 - 1555), usually called Barthel Bruyn or Barthel Bruyn the Elder, was a German Renaissance painter active ...
Read More

Jörg Breu the Younger

Jörg Breu the Younger (1510 - 1547), son of Jörg Breu the Elder, was a painter of Augsburg. In the ...
Read More

Karl Friedrich Schinkel

Karl Friedrich Schinkel (born March 13, 1781 in Neuruppin, 9th October 1841 dead in Berlin), was one of the most ...
Read More

Johann Friedrich Overbeck

Johann Friedrich Overbeck (Lübeck, Germany, 3 July 1789 – 12 November 1869), was a German painter draftsman and illustrator. He ...
Read More

Jean Fouquet

Jean Fouquet (born around 1420 maybe in Tours (France) and died between 1478 and 1481, probably in the same city), ...
Read More

Frans Floris

Frans Floris the Elder or Frans Floris de Vriendt (Born1517 in Antwerp, 1 October 1570 in Antwerp) was a Flemish ...
Read More

Rosso Fiorentino

Giovan Battista of Jacopo di Gasparre, known as Rosso Fiorentino (Florence, March 8, 1495 - Fontainebleau, November 14, 1540), was ...
Read More

Defendente Ferrari

Defendente Ferrari ( 1480/1485 in Piedmont – 1540 in Turin) was an Italian painter active in Piedmont. His work marks ...
Read More

Antonio Fantuzzi

Antonio Fantuzzi (active in the 1540s) was an Italian painter and printmaker active in the French Renaissance in a Mannerist ...
Read More

Jan van Eyck

Jan van Eyck (Maaseik, principality of Liege, ca. 1390 - Bruges, county of Flanders, July 9, 1441) was a flamenco ...
Read More

Adam Elsheimer

Adam Elsheimer (March 18, 1578 in Frankfurt in Main Frankfurt, Dec 11, 1610 in Rome) was a prominent German baroque ...
Read More

Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp, born in Blainville-Crevon (Seine-Maritime), July 28, 1887 and died in Neuilly-sur-Seine on October 2, 1968, is a painter, ...
Read More

Donatello

Donatello, real name Donato of Niccolo di Betto Bardi (Florence, 1386 - Florence, December 13, 1466), was an Italian sculptor, ...
Read More

Wendel Dietterlin

Wendel Dietterlin (1550 - 1599), sometimes Wendel Dietterlin the Elder, to distinguish him from his son, was a German mannerist ...
Read More

Paul Delaroche

Paul Delaroche (Paris, 17 July 1797 – 4 November 1856) was a French painter who achieved his greater successes painting ...
Read More

Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Louis David (30 August 1748 – 29 December 1825) was a French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be ...
Read More

Salvador Dali

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marqués de Dalí de Púbol, known professionally as Salvador Dalí (May 11, 1904 ...
Read More

Lorenzo di Credi

Lorenzo di Credi (1459 - Jan 12, 1537) was an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor. He first influenced Leonardo da ...
Read More

Walter Crane

Walter Crane (Aug 15, 1845 - Mar 14, 1915) was an English artist and book illustrator He is considered to ...
Read More

Lucas Cranach the Younger

Lucas Cranach the Younger was born on 4 October 1515 as the youngest son of Lucas Cranach the Elder and ...
Read More

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder (probably around 4 October 1472 in Kronach, Oberfranken, 16 October 1553 in Weimar) was one of ...
Read More

Piero di Cosimo

Piero di Cosimo, or more correctly Piero di Lorenzo (Florence, circa 1461 - Florence, April 12, 1522), was an Italian ...
Read More

Dirck Coornhert

Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert (Jun 1, 1522 - Oct 29, 1590), also known as Theodore Cornhert, was a Dutch writer, philosopher, ...
Read More
Loading...

One of the most important German humanists was Konrad Celtis (1459–1508) Celtis studied at Cologne and Heidelberg, and later travelled throughout Italy collecting Latin and Greek manuscripts Heavily influenced by Tacitus, he used the Germania to introduce German history and geography Eventually he devoted his time to poetry, in which he praised Germany in Latin Another important figure was Johann Reuchlin (1455–1522) who studied in various places in Italy and later taught Greek He studied the Hebrew language, aiming to purify Christianity, but encountering resistance from the church

The most significant German Renaissance artist is Albrecht Dürer especially known for his printmaking in woodcut and engraving, which spread all over Europe, drawings, and painted portraits Important architecture of this period includes the Landshut Residence, Heidelberg Castle and the Town Hall in Augsburg

The concept of the Northern Renaissance or German Renaissance is somewhat confused by the continuation of the use of elaborate Gothic ornament until well into the 16th century, even in works that are undoubtedly Renaissance in their treatment of the human figure and other respects Classical ornament had little historical resonance in much of Germany, but in other respects Germany was very quick to follow developments, especially in adopting printing with movable type, a German invention that remained almost a German monopoly for some decades, and was first brought to most of Europe, including France and Italy, by Germans

Printmaking by woodcut and engraving (thought of as a German invention yet originated in China) was already more developed in Germany and the Low Countries than anywhere else, and the Germans took the lead in developing book illustrations, typically of a relatively low artistic standard, but seen all over Europe, with the woodblocks often being lent to printers of editions in other cities or languages The greatest artist of the German Renaissance, Albrecht Dürer, began his career as an apprentice to a leading workshop in Nuremberg, that of Michael Wolgemut, who had largely abandoned his painting to exploit the new medium Dürer worked on the most extravagantly illustrated book of the period, the Nuremberg Chronicle, published by his godfather Anton Koberger, Europe’s largest printer-publisher at the time