Art Nouveau 1890 – 1914

Decorative style of the late 19th century and the early 20th that flourished principally in Europe and the USA Although it influenced painting and sculpture, its chief manifestations were in architecture and the decorative and graphic arts, the aspects on which this survey concentrates It is characterized by sinuous, asymmetrical lines based on organic forms; in a broader sense it encompasses the geometrical and more abstract patterns and rhythms that were evolved as part of the general reaction to 19th-century historicism There are wide variations in the style according to where it appeared and the materials that were employed

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910 A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers

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English uses the French name Art Nouveau (new art) The style is related to, but not identical with, styles that emerged in many countries in Europe at about the same time: in Austria it is known as Secessionsstil after Wiener Secession, in Spanish Modernismo, in Catalan Modernisme, in Czech Secese, in Danish Skønvirke or Jugendstil, in German Jugendstil, Art Nouveau or Reformstil, in Hungarian Szecesszió, in Italian Art Nouveau, Stile Liberty or Stile floreale, in Norwegian Jugendstil, in Polish Secesja, in Slovak Secesia, in Russian Модерн (Modern), and Swedish Jugend

Art Nouveau is considered a “total” art style, embracing architecture, graphic art, interior design, and most of the decorative arts including jewellery, furniture, textiles, household silver and other utensils, and lighting, as well as the fine arts According to the philosophy of the style, art should be a way of life For many well-off Europeans, it was possible to live in an Art Nouveau-inspired house with art nouveau furniture, silverware, fabrics, ceramics including tableware, jewellery, cigarette cases, etc Artists desired to combine the fine arts and applied arts, even for utilitarian objects

By 1910, Art Nouveau was already out of style It was replaced as the dominant European architectural and decorative style first by Art Deco and then by Modernism