Church bells with blue background. Ilmari Aalto started with Expressionism, and discovered cubism built on the expressionist influences, cubists and expressionists in 1914 .
Artist Ilmari Aalto
Title The Bells
Suomi: Kirkonkelloja sinisellä taustalla.
Medium oil on canvas
Dimensions 50 × 40 cm (19.7 × 15.7 in)
Ateneum Finnish National Gallery
August 7, 1891 – September 29, 1934
Ilmari Aalto was a Finnish painter and one of the country’s first cubists in the 1910s. He was a member of the November group, who grew up around the expressionist Tyko Sallinen. Aalto painted structural layouts, as well as landscape and portrait images. Aalto studied at the Central School of Arts and Crafts from 1907 to 1908 and the Finnish Art Society drawing school from 1908 to 1910.
Most of Aalto’s landscape paintings are views of Töölö and Suursaari. Aalto’s landscape painting is also shown Restaurant Eliel Brussels, Helsinki railway station. The rear wall of the landscape design of Eero Järnefelt and A. W. Finch were the most involved, but only three artist Ilmari Aalto dared to climb high ladders to take the painting.
Aalto started with Expressionism, but also discovered cubism in 1914. An Edvard Munch exhibition at the Ateneum soon after his graduation, had a strong influenced on Aalto and built on the expressionist influences; cubists and expressionists exhibition were seen in Finland in 1914, and were accompanied by key artists, among other things, the German Der Blaue Reiter.
After the 1920 trip to Paris, Aalto began to use more colors and strong brush strokes instead of the previous greyish palette. Later, while visiting Paris in 1928 he adopted a more realistic expression, clear contours and unmixed colors. Ilmari Aalto says that many works have been destroyed in self-critique.