Lyon School

The Lyon School is a term for a group of French artists which gathered around Paul Chenavard It was founded by Pierre Revoil, one of the representatives of the Troubadour style It included Victor Orsel, Louis Janmot and Hippolyte Flandrin, and was nicknamed “the prison of painting” by Charles Baudelaire It was principally inspired by philosophical-moral and religious themes, and as a current was closely related to the British Pre-Raphaelite painters and poets

Recognized at the Salon of 1819, the school was consecrated 16 February 1851 by the creation of the gallery of painters from Lyon (galerie des Artistes lyonnais) at the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon

Pierre Vaisse insists that the Lyon school of painting has no specific characteristics, and that its very existence is more a matter of the will of the Aediles of Lyons to put forward a supposed local specificity than to the existence Of a truly structured and recognizable artistic movement He explains that the Lyon artists of each era have followed the currents that go through painting and that the possible variations with the latter are above all derived from the styles proper to each artist It highlights the lack of continuity in the pictorial production of Lyons throughout the century, which could be the touchstone of such a school

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At the beginning, this style includes, in addition to the troubadour style, floral painters in the Dutch tradition, close to the designers of motifs for the manufacture of silk pieces and landscape painters One of the first representatives of this nascent school is Antoine Berjon, trained in silk painting and gradually turning to easel painting He taught his science of floral decoration to many pupils, giving a lasting impression on nineteenth-century Lyonnaise painting

The founders of the troubadour style within the Lyons school of painting are Pierre Revoil and Fleury Richardm Formed by Alexis Grognard and sustained in their vision of painting by Jean-Jacques de Boissieu and Antoine Berjon, they will perfect themselves in the studio of Jacques-Louis David, where they implement the “precision and clarity of writing Which they had been taught at Lyons The center of their preoccupation is the Middle Ages, with a great concern for historical accuracy, which they retranscribe most often on small tables, with characters a little fixed and a soft light They do not have a great success in Lyon and send their paintings to Paris The few painters who follow in their path are Claude Jacquard and Anthelme Trimoletm This movement, which will not last, prepares the pre-Raphaellism

In the Rhodanian city, genre painting is much more appreciated She is represented by Jean-Michel Grobon, Jean-François Bellay, Antoine Duclaux and Alexandre Dubuisson Sharing with the troubadour school the attention to detail, this movement is attached to the scenes of peasant and artisan life, and landscapes Grobon, regarded as one of the founders of the Lyons school of painting prepares the local fullness

This trend ends with Puvis de Chavannes and pre-impressionists such as Joseph Guichard, François-Auguste Ravier and François Vernay