Maroon is a dark brownish red color which takes its name from the French word marron, or chestnut.

Color coordinates
Hex triplet #800000
RGB (r, g, b) (128, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (0°, 100%, 50%)

The Oxford English Dictionary describes it as “a brownish crimson or claret color.”

In the RGB model used to create colors on computer screens and televisions, maroon is created by turning down the brightness of pure red to about one half. Maroon is the complement of teal.

Maroon is derived from French marron (“chestnut”), itself from the Italian marrone that means both chestnut and brown (but the color maroon in Italian is granata and in French is grenat), from the medieval Greek maraon.

The first recorded use of maroon as a color name in English was in 1789.

Bright maroon
Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C32148
RGB (r, g, b) (195, 33, 72)
CMYK (c, m, y, k) (0, 83, 63, 24)
HSV (h, s, v) (346°, 83%, 76%)

The bright tone of maroon that was designated as maroon in Crayola crayons beginning in 1949.

It is a bright medium shade of maroon halfway between brown and rose.

The color halfway between brown and rose is crimson, so this color is also a tone of crimson.

Rich maroon (maroon (X11))
Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B03060
RGB (r, g, b) (176, 48, 96)
HSV (h, s, v) (338°, 73%, 69%)

The color rich maroon as defined in the X11 color names, which is much brighter and more toned toward rose than the HTML/CSS maroon shown above.

See the chart Color name clashes in the X11 color names article to see those colors which are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Dark red
“Dark red” redirects here. For the album by Shlohmo, see Dark Red (album).
Dark Red

About these coordinates Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8B0000
RGB (r, g, b) (139, 0, 0)
CMYK (c, m, y, k) (0, 100, 100, 45)
HSV (h, s, v) (0°, 100%, 55%)

In culture

In The Silence of the Lambs by Thomas Harris, the serial killer Dr Hannibal Lecter has eyes that are described as being “maroon” brown, and are noted to often appear to glow red.
Maroon is frequently associated with Ron Weasley, a character in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, though Ron tells Harry that he dislikes the color.

Maroon is the main color of the Hollister Co. logo.
Maroon was the livery applied to coaching stock of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (1923–1947), and to much of that of British Railways in the period 1956–1965.
Maroon is the signature color of the Japanese private rail company, Hankyu Railway, decided by a vote of women customers in 1923. In the 1990s, Hankyu planned an alternative color as it was developing new vehicles. That plan was called off following opposition by local residents.

Maroon is the color of the football strip of the Edinburgh team Heart of Midlothian F.C. and the Edinburgh bus fleet operated by Lothian Buses
Maroon was named as the official color of the state of Queensland, Australia, in November 2003. While the declared shade of maroon is RGB 115/24/44, Queenslanders display the spirit of the state by wearing all shades of maroon at sporting and cultural events.
Maroon is the official color of the Socialist Party of America.

The distinctive maroon beret has been worn by many airborne forces around the world since 1942. It is sometimes referred to as the “red beret.”

Maroon (band), a German band.
Maroon 5 is a pop rock band.
The Famous Maroon Band.

Vajrayana Buddhist monks, such as the Dalai Lama, wear maroon robes.
Maroon, along with golden yellow, is worn in the Philippines by Catholic devotees of the Black Nazarene, especially during its procession on 9 January.

Vexillology (The study of Flags)

Maroon and white are the colors of the Flag of Qatar. The Flag of Latvia is sometimes called maroon and white, but the legal colors were red and white, but in 2009 the colors were changed to carmine and white.

Source From Wikipedia