João Batista da Costa (1865 – 1926) was a Brazilian painter and illustrator.
Son of Francisco José da Costa and Emília da Costa. Baptista da Costa is recognized as one of the great Brazilian landscape painters from the turn of the century to the XX century. He is born very poor, orphaned at the age of 8 and spends time with relatives.
After a childhood in poverty spent in the Asylum of Underprivileged Boys in Rio de Janeiro, Batista da Costa entered the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in 1885 with the support of Baron de Mamoré, Minister of the Empire. He can not adapt and flees to Rio de Janeiro in 1873. He lives in the Asilo de Minores Desamparados, where he learns music, bookbinding and drawing.
Professor Antonio de Souza Lobo observes his aptitude and encourages him to continue his studies in the arts, obtaining his entrance in the Imperial Academy of Beautiful Arts – Aiba, in 1885, with the support of Ambrósio Leitão da Cunha (1825 – 1898) – the baron Of Mamoré. In Aiba, Baptista da Costa learns painting with Zeferino da Costa and later with Rodolfo Amoedo, who attends classes until graduating in 1889.
During this period, as a student, he lives the transition process of the Academy, leaving a predominantly neoclassical orientation To another more realistic. This process accompanies, in a way, the change of the Second Reign to the Republic, from Aiba to the National School of Fine Arts – Enba. The paintings begin to deal with less grandiloquent themes, with milder situations and descriptive and harmonic composition.
In 1894 conquered, with the picture Em rest, the Prize of Travel to Europe in the first General Exhibition of Fine Arts of the Republican period. He went to Paris in 1896, where he studied at the Académie Julian.
Back in Brazil in 1898, he exhibited at the Postal House in Rio de Janeiro, presenting his European production. In 1900, he won the second class gold medal at the General Exhibition of Fine Arts and in 1904 the first class with the box End of the day.
He married in Rio de Janeiro on September 23, 1905 with Noêmi Gonçalves Cruz, sister of the physician Osvaldo Cruz. They had four children.
From 1906, he was a professor at the National School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro, an institution he directed from 1915 and where he worked until his death.
João Baptista da Costa (Itaguaí RJ 1865 – Rio de Janeiro RJ 1926). Painter, designer, teacher. It begins its artistic formation in 1877 in the Asylum of the Destitute Boys, Rio de Janeiro, where studies drawing with Antônio de Souza Lobo (1840 – 1909).
In 1885, he entered the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts – Aiba, and is a student of Zeferino da Costa (1840-1915), José Maria de Medeiros (1849-1925) and Rodolfo Amoedo (1857-1941). In 1894, he received the prize for traveling abroad at the 1st General Exhibition of Fine Arts. He goes to Europe and, in 1897, studies with Jules Joseph Lefebvre (1836 – 1912) and Tony Robert-Fleury (1837 – 1911) at the Académie Julian in Paris.
In 1906, he became professor of the National School of Fine Arts – Enba, replacing Rodolfo Amoedo in the painting chair; Has as students Candido Portinari (1903 – 1962), Orlando Teruz (1902 – 1984) and Quirino Campofiorito (1902 – 1993), among others. From 1915 until 1926 he took over the direction of Enba.