State Chancellery of Saarland Office of the Prime Minister (Head of government) of the German federal state of Saarland. Historical moments, exhibitions and events of the Saarland.
The minister president of the state of Saarland and the State Chancellery have the main duty to provide the guiding policy principles for the federal state, and to represent the federal state externally. They are also responsible for planning and coordination at the ministerial level, for organising state administration, for public relations, etc. In addition, they are responsible for science and research policy and the transfer of knowledge and technology, the promotion of technology, research and innovation within the private sector. In this frame, the conception of science and research policies, technology policy, funding for higher education institutions and non-university research institutes, as well as technology and innovation support are among the missions of minister president and State Chancellery.
Concerning science and research policy, strategies for developing the regional science and research sector are conceived and designed, including both the higher education and the non-university research sectors. In this respect, the Minister President and Minister for Science and Research, and the State Chancellery recently elaborated a new strategy for the development of Saarland’s higher education sector. Scientific core areas are promoted, both in regional universities and research institutes. Of high importance is the implementation and commercialisation of research findings through knowledge and technology transfer. This refers to regional research, technology transfer and innovation programmes, or science awards.
Main objectives are to provide future-oriented qualification structures, to support excellent and competitive science, and to focus on knowledge generation in core areas of the regional economy, thereby promoting innovation, competitiveness and advancing structural change.
The Saarland is one of the sixteen states (or Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany. With its capital at Saarbrücken, it has an area of 2,570 km² and its population (as of 30 April 2012) is approximately 1,012,000. In terms of both area and population size – apart from the city-states of Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg – it is Germany’s smallest state. The wealth of its coal deposits and their large-scale industrial exploitation, coupled with its location on the border between France and Germany, have given the Saarland a unique history in modern times.
Prior to its creation as the Territory of the Saar Basin by the League of Nations after World War I, the Saarland (or simply “the Saar”, as it is frequently referred to) did not exist as a unified entity. Until then, some parts of it had been Prussian while others belonged to Bavaria. The inhabitants voted to rejoin Germany in a referendum held in 1935.
From 1947 to 1956 the Saarland was a French-occupied territory (the “Saar Protectorate”) separate from the rest of Germany. Between 1950 and 1956, Saarland was a member of the Council of Europe. In 1955, in another referendum, the inhabitants were offered independence, but voted instead for the territory to become a state of West Germany.
From 1920 to 1935, and again from 1947 to 1959, the inhabitants of the Saarland used money (Saar franc) and postage stamps issued specially for the territory.